The private/public debate and the role of the state in the provision of higher education are key issues in Latin-America. Drawing on data on research production, undergraduate and postgraduate students, access, tuition fees and equity, this seminar will analyse ways in which the state and the private sector in the region are responding both to global tendencies such as massification and the emergence of international rankings on the one hand, and to more local needs and demands of equity on the other hand.
This presentation will particularly focus on Chile as a paradigmatic case of neoliberal policies. The case of Chile illustrates the growth and strengthening of the private sector as well as the low profile that the state has had in both the funding and the quality regulation of the higher education system.
This situation led to a point of no-return in 2011 when thousands of university students took part in public protests demanding a quality and free education for everybody (and which played a part in ushering in a new government).
Some reflections on the future of the higher education system in Latin-America will also be offered.
This presentation draws on research funded by Conicyt-Fondecyt Regular 1141271.