Working Paper 105
Incorporating Traditional Chinese Knowledge in Research: The Case of Chinese Humanities and Social Sciences
Published December 2023

There is a growing call for intellectual pluriversality in response to global knowledge asymmetries that have been dominated by Western knowledge and have marginalised traditional non-Western knowledge. Thus, non-Western humanities and social sciences (HSS) research has witnessed a revitalisation of traditional knowledge, which has led to discussions concerning the integration of modern Western and traditional non-Western knowledge. Through conducting interviews, this study provides an overview of contemporary Chinese HSS scholars’ attempts to integrate Western and traditional Chinese knowledge into their research. We identified three steps: revisiting traditional Chinese knowledge; seeking out possible interactions with the prevailing Western knowledge; and exploring potential philosophical foundations for a synthesis of the two bodies of knowledge. The study concludes by providing new insights that can enrich the field of HSS research in China and beyond.